WTO TRIPS Council October 2021: UK statements


NOTIFICATIONS UNDER PROVISIONS OF THE AGREEMENT

Thank you Chair, Thank you for convening this assembly and because of the Secretariat for his or her onerous work in making ready it.

As , the United Kingdom considers the WTO notification system an integral part in selling transparency between WTO members.

Since our final replace now we have notified various new gadgets, largely regarding the UK’s exit from the European Union.

In the curiosity of time and following our general interventions up to now Council classes, we consider the explanatory notes of the notifications are sufficiently detailed, so we won’t go into specifics. This delegation is, nevertheless and as at all times, able to reply any questions the WTO members could have.

We would as soon as once more prefer to thank the Secretariat for the convenience and effectivity of the eTRIPS system. We proceed to encourage different members to make use of it.

Thank you Chair.

PROTECTION OF TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND FOLKLORE

Chair, in relation to this merchandise, and with out prejudice to our place on substantive issues, as a subsequent step we might help a procedural briefing to the TRIPS Council from the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Secretariat, if there’s adequate curiosity from different Members on the matter. On the Secretariat updating the three factual notes, we have an interest to listen to views from different Members and are open to discussions on whether or not an replace is important. We stand prepared to contemplate any solutions on subsequent steps that may transfer the controversy ahead and in direction of consensus.

Thank you Chair.

ANNUAL REVIEW OF THE SPECIAL COMPULSORY LICENSING SYSTEM

The UK want to be aware that whereas it’s nonetheless the case that some Members haven’t but carried out the particular obligatory licensing system set out in Paragraph 7 of the annex to the amended TRIPS Agreement, it is a very important functionality. We due to this fact would strongly encourage all members to implement this modification. We additionally help the extension of the deadline as recommended.

Thank you Chair.

NON-VIOLATION AND SITUATION COMPLAINTS (NVSCs)

Thank you Chair.

The applicability of non-violation and scenario complaints to the TRIPS Agreement has been a long-standing agenda merchandise. Little progress has been made in direction of reaching a consensus, and the TRIPS Council has been unable to have a substantive dialogue on scope and modalities for the reason that NVSCs moratorium was final prolonged in December 2019.

The UK want to thank the Chair for convening a dialogue on NVSCs and different matters on 6 October. We consider it is necessary that the TRIPS Council locations a renewed give attention to NVSCs, and we see final week’s session as a very good first step.

In this regard, we want to thank the Chair for submitting a draft proposal to the Council. We are presently contemplating the textual content in Capital.

Once once more, the UK want to thanks Chair for pushing to reinvigorate this vital merchandise and, going ahead, we stand able to work with all Members to discover a long-term resolution that works for all.

NINETEENTH ANNUAL REVIEW UNDER PARAGRAPH 2 OF THE DECISION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ARTICLE 66.2 OF THE TRIPS AGREEMENT

Thank you Chair,

The United Kingdom is dedicated to implementing Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement. Having submitted our full Annual Report to the Council, this delegation want to present this Council with an perception into one of many many initiatives undertaken by the United Kingdom.

The Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems Project (ZELS) is a joint multistakeholder analysis initiative between the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council; Defence Science and Technology Laboratory; Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Office; Economic and Social Sciences Research Council,; Medical Research Council, and Natural Environment Research Council.

The challenge focuses on two parts: 1) decreasing the influence of zoonoses, that’s, a illness that has jumped from an animal to a human, on folks from low socioeconomic teams and their livestock by producing new data and proof that allows the mitigation of dangers from zoonotic illness; and a pair of) forging mutually helpful inter- and multi-disciplinary partnerships between researchers within the UK and creating nations and improve the scientific capabilities of southern companions for the long term.

Behavioural variations in stay poultry buying and selling and farming programs and zoonoses management in Bangladesh (BALZAC) is one in every of 11 programmes funded beneath ZELS. The commerce in stay birds offers smallholders with an vital supply of earnings and might present a route out of poverty. However, it will possibly additionally play a serious function within the transmission of zoonotic pathogens, corresponding to avian influenza viruses.

The scientific proof to tell the choice of risk-based and cost-effective prevention and management choices for main zoonotic illnesses which contributes to lowering the chance of incidence, prevents their transmission to people, and reduces their influence on human well being. In the face of illness outbreaks in poultry, farmers and merchants fear about financial loss.

They could change practices with a view to scale back such loss, altering the construction of the commerce networks. These adjustments could, in flip, modify the way in which illness spreads, and even delay and strengthen the epidemic.

This four-year challenge research the behaviour of individuals working within the Bangladeshi poultry farming and buying and selling system. It goals to determine the socioeconomic, cultural, and epidemiological elements that form the construction of stay chicken commerce networks in Bangladesh, and the kinds of adjustments within the community construction which might facilitate the emergence of zoonotic pathogens and affect their upkeep and dissemination.

Based on this understanding of the underlying system behaviour, BALZAC seeks to develop management and surveillance methods tailor-made to the evolving traits of stay chicken commerce networks. Employing an inter-disciplinary perspective, the challenge will contain a mix of conventional ethnographic strategies, corresponding to observations and semi-structured interviews, progressive strategies utilizing strategies developed in experimental economics, organic sampling from each people and poultry, and the event of joint epidemiological and socioeconomic fashions.

The construction of the community formed by the actions of stay chicken merchants influences the potential of a pathogen to invade the poultry inhabitants, the size of the epidemic, and the extent of human publicity.
Avian influenza viruses, and specifically H5N1, might be used as a mannequin to review the merchants’ and farmers’ responses to illness threat. The approaches we are going to undertake on this analysis will produce each particular native data and extra common data which might be helpful for understanding influenza outbreaks and even some features of different animal and human infectious illness outbreaks and pandemics in different components of the world.
The United Kingdom is pleased to debate its initiatives in additional element with Members as applicable, and we’re wanting ahead to the workshop on this vital matter to happen subsequent yr.

Thank you Chair.

TECHNICAL COOPERATION AND CAPACITY-BUILDING

Chair,

The UK continues to consider technical cooperation and capability constructing efforts are important to help the event of a worldwide IP system that operates for the good thing about all.

The UK has submitted its Annual Report on Technical Cooperation and want to share with you in the present day among the work we’ve been enterprise along with The Philippines.

The Philippines-UK IP relationship has continued to develop from energy to energy. The UK IPO has had a Memorandum of Understanding with the Philippines’ Intellectual Property Office since 2015 and now we have collaborated on a number of IP enforcement initiatives.

More just lately, we signed one other Memorandum of Understanding with the Philippines Intellectual Property Office by way of the British Embassy in Manila, formalising the continued collaborations and relationship between our two IP workplaces to leverage IP to energy financial development and societal growth. This consists of supporting our folks, companies, and micro-small- and medium enterprises to make higher use of their progressive and inventive IP belongings.

At a sensible and coverage stage, it additionally consists of the UK and Philippines working collectively to construct a balanced and linked IP ecosystem conducive to help innovation, commercialisation, and enforcement efforts.
While IP rights themselves are principally home and largely territorial, some IP points are a lot broader and inherently worldwide, and the UK strongly believes that partnerships are key with a view to ensure that we obtain one of many core goals of the UK IPO’s technique: making life higher for everybody by way of IP.

In line with this, the UK partnered with the Philippine Judicial Academy (PHILJA) and the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines to share our expertise and greatest practices on IP and the judicial system. This judicial Colloquium was designed as a discussion board to share experiences and greatest practices on mental property in different jurisdictions, thereby enhancing the capability of Judges for the environment friendly, efficient, and expeditious completion of mental property rights instances.

The two-day coaching programme for industrial court docket judges and coverage committees on IP and Philippines’ judicial system coated transnational crimes, counterfeiting developments, and authorized developments on on-line infringements. The occasion included sharing from the UK Crown Prosecution Service on the IP work undertaken by the organisation with a give attention to current instances prosecuted regarding IP crime.

The occasion was an important instance of how we will work collectively to change concepts and study from one another.
The UK was happy it might share its views and experience. Forums corresponding to this give the UK a wonderful alternative to share and, simply as importantly, study from our worldwide companions.

IP is a necessary aspect of a profitable economic system and society and might be an vital half in supporting post-crisis development.

Thank you, Chair.

PROPOSAL FOR A WAIVER FROM CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF THE TRIPS AGREEMENT FOR THE PREVENTION, CONTAINMENT AND TREATMENT OF COVID-19

Thank you, Chair.

With your permission, the United Kingdom will now tackle agenda gadgets 13 and 14 collectively.

The United Kingdom has engaged constructively and constantly in debate on whether or not waiving IP rights is an efficient path to scaling up manufacturing of, and enhancing, equitable entry to, COVID-19 items. An unprecedented variety of TRIPS Councils and small group classes have been held to advance this dialogue, the place there was a helpful change of viewpoints from varied delegations. We welcome all contributions to the method, together with the EU’s communication on Compulsory Licensing, and the optimistic influence it has had in driving constructive engagement. We are inspired by current discussions on areas of convergence in small group classes and welcome additional conversations that transfer the Council in direction of evidence-based pragmatic options.

Chair, you requested on the earlier Council for sensible subsequent steps on this file. The UK delegation considers pragmatic, solution-oriented and evidence-driven dialog as the following step, which should information our discussions within the run as much as MC12. We have made clear all through this debate that the UK is dedicated to any efficient motion on this regard. The function of the authorized framework offered by the TRIPS Agreement throughout this pandemic can’t be understated; certainly, it has led in direction of fast innovation, significant and collaborative partnerships which have contributed to the manufacturing and dissemination of vaccines and different well being merchandise and applied sciences, to assist comprise, deal with, and forestall COVID-19.

An undoubtable enabling issue for vaccine manufacturing has been voluntary licensing and know-how switch partnerships. This has had a major influence on the fast scaling up of vaccine manufacturing capability throughout the globe. We have come a great distance for the reason that starting of 2021. Latest information state that month-to-month Covid-19 vaccine manufacturing is estimated at 1.5 billion doses and general manufacturing is trying to exceed 12 billion doses by the top of 2021. This is commendable and unprecedented. As WHO Director General Dr Tedros mentioned on the Member States Information Session on COVID-19 final Thursday, 7 October, “…with global vaccine production now at nearly 1.5 billion doses per month, there is sufficient supply to achieve our targets, provided that there is equitable distribution of those doses.” While the WTO can and will play a significant function to help equitable distribution, bottlenecks to equitable distribution lie outdoors of the IP system.

Moreover, partnerships like AstraZeneca and the Serum Institute of India, Pfizer-BioNTech, and BIOVAC in South Africa, and the institution of mRNA regional hubs, positively sign what is feasible because of the present IP framework. Alongside different elements corresponding to early funding into manufacturing, help for procurement and distribution mechanisms corresponding to COVAX, collaborative public-private partnerships pushed by cooperation and belief could make real-world change. These partnerships additionally place the world in good stead to answer any future infectious illness pandemics as we proceed to construct and develop the mandatory infrastructure to successfully reply to the worldwide well being disaster earlier than us.

Critical classes should proceed to be discovered from our response to the COVID-19 pandemic in order that the worldwide neighborhood can take motion to make sure an efficient and fast response to future pandemics. In this regard, Members ought to work collaboratively and endeavour to determine and take away obstacles to extra non-exclusive voluntary licensing and know-how switch partnerships being fashioned.

Furthermore, WTO Members should take a look at what makes an efficient response, contemplating the broader trade-related elements corresponding to export restrictions, commerce facilitation boundaries, tariff boundaries, and regulatory streamlining, in addition to non-trade associated measures such because the creation of latest and enlargement of current manufacturing capacities and coaching of expert personnel to make sure switch of know-how.

Understanding how the WTO can act in the most efficient method requires the suggestions and collaboration of all WTO Members. The UK is presently contemplating the place, as an organisation, we will drive ahead pragmatic options and efficient change. We encourage different Members to additionally equally think about this and, the place doable, share their ideas.

As we strategy MC12 we stay dedicated to working constructively with all delegations beneath the ideas of pragmatism, evidence-based and solution-driven considering. We stress that IP rights have and can proceed to play a elementary function within the response to the COVID-19 pandemic and any future crises. At this crucial juncture of promising vaccine manufacturing and rising creation of infrastructure to answer the pandemic, it’s crucial that Members keep the progress we’re making to comprise, deal with, and forestall COVID-19.

Thank you, Chair.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND INNOVATION: WOMEN AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Thank you Chair,

The United Kingdom want to thank the US for his or her paper on Women and Intellectual Property. We are happy to co-sponsor the paper because the UK acknowledges the significance of fostering alternatives for gender equality; empowering ladies and ladies as innovators and creators; incorporating a gender perspective into IP insurance policies and selling an inclusive IP system accessible to all together with different underrepresented teams.
We are additionally happy to notice WIPO’s work and ongoing dedication to selling gender equality and variety.
As effectively as rising ladies’s participation within the IP system we additionally recognise the dear contribution, undertaken by ladies, notably these working in science, know-how, engineering, and arithmetic (STEM) industries, and the importance of this work to policymakers as a result of present underrepresentation of ladies inside science and know-how.

The illustration of ladies inside the STEM fields is of nice significance to the UK authorities. Bridging gender gaps in IP and rising the participation of ladies and ladies can solely improve and enhance innovation to deal with among the main points humanity and the world face.

We have seen this demonstrated in current instances, because the pandemic has delivered to the forefront many feminine inventors – specifically, Professor Sarah Gilbert, who led the Oxford/AstraZeneca staff of researchers in creating their vaccine.

In the UK, the Government Office for Science, supported by organisations corresponding to Innovate UK and the Royal Academy of Engineering have for years labored onerous to encourage women and girls to review and construct careers within the STEM fields.

Statistical surveys from these our bodies spotlight the influence of their work inside the training sector with the variety of females attaining STEM larger stage {qualifications} rising. For the primary time ever, there are a couple of million ladies working in core STEM roles throughout the UK.

The UK Government has printed a roadmap to enhance gender equality that initiatives that decreasing gender gaps in general labour market participation, wages, and STEM {qualifications} might enhance the scale of the economic system by as a lot as £55 billion by 2030. Among their plans for change, they’ve invested in programmes to extend the participation of ladies in STEM topics.

The Intellectual property workplace of the UK (IPO) additionally has an vital function to play and is dedicated to rising ladies’s participation in IP and enhancing gender equality inside STEM, the IP occupation and the IPO itself.

The IPO continues to seek out progressive methods to spend money on the STEM pipeline and enhance the variety of ladies taking STEM topics in main and secondary colleges. As effectively as working in universities to extend consciousness of the IPO as a various STEM employer.

The IPO is working with “Code First Girls” to extend participation within the tech trade by offering value free coaching to ladies and non-binary folks, to enhance the talents and area for them to grow to be established builders and future leaders.

The IPO has launched a STEM Returner’s scheme providing work placements on the IPO together with mentoring and coaching to assist ladies return to STEM after time away.

The IPO works intently with the UK IP lawyer occupation as a part of the “IP inclusive” community, together with its Women in IP neighborhood, to lift the notice and effectiveness of range and inclusion.

The IPO’s give attention to recruitment in our Patents areas has seen virtually equal numbers of women and men securing permanency.

Over the final 2 years the IPO has obtained important recognition for its inclusive tradition together with (amongst others): high 10 placement within the UK-wide Top Employers for Working Families Index for 2 consecutive years; and silver normal within the gender equality charity Chwarae Teg’s Fair Play Employer benchmark which identifies boundaries in recruiting, retaining and progressing ladies within the workforce.

The UK is eager to proceed to work with others to advertise and facilitate an inclusive IP system accessible to all. The UK want to reply to the paper’s query asking, “What measures, if any, have proven useful for the support of women entrepreneurs in participating in the IP system?”.

The UK scores extremely in worldwide indexes of feminine entrepreneurship which assess surroundings, ecosystem and aspirations. An innovation-friendly enterprise surroundings, common training, small-and medium-enterprise (SME) coaching programmes and a excessive stage of acceptance of ladies in enterprise assist contribute to excessive UK rankings. They additionally mirror authorities efforts over the previous 15 years to foster feminine entrepreneurship, such because the Strategic Framework for Women’s Enterprise in 2003 and initiatives prompted by the 2015 Burt report.

These optimistic outcomes mirror a spread of efforts over the previous 15 years by the UK Government to foster feminine entrepreneurship, beginning with its Strategic Framework for Women’s Enterprise in 2003. More just lately, in 2013 the federal government launched its Women and the Economy motion plan, which pledged to enhance recommendation and help for girls entrepreneurs, together with these with caring tasks. In 2014 the federal government’s Business is Great web site was expanded to incorporate recommendation for girls trying to begin, develop or speed up their companies. Further initiatives adopted the 2015 Burt report by the Ambassador for Women in Enterprise, together with mentoring occasions aimed toward ladies and extension of tax-free assist with childcare prices to the self-employed.

In conclusion, the UK hopes this dialogue can enhance and form coverage growth and determine sensible steps to advance the participation of ladies in all features of mental property, and by extension unlocking “access to” the industrial and financial successes of their improvements, designs and creations, and we stay up for listening to about different members’ experiences.

Thank you, Chair



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